Motherboards 101

Are you my mother, board? Hello and
welcome to another episode of Five Minutes with Franza. In this episode I’m
going to be talking to you about the motherboard. So this is going to be
Motherboards 101. And, just so that you can understand what motherboard does, how
it does it. First things first, is our motherboard is the way that we connect
everything together. And the way that everything is connected is via the bus.
The bus is how information travels from the different expansion slots, to the run,
to the RAM, our primary storage, to our CPU, our processing, and to our secondary
storage. The motherboard also has a chipset that helps to control all of
that. The chipset helps us to determine how much RAM we could have. How many
expansion ports we can have. What they can do with the adapters as far as
getting data into and out of the system. Our motherboard also has something
called a BIOS, “B I O S” Basic Input/Output System. BIOS is stored on something
called firmware. Firmware is neither hardware nor software. It’s something in
between and we can do what’s called flashing the BIOS. I will do a separate
video on that. BIOS is what tells the computer how to start up. So for the most
part it really doesn’t need to be touched because if your computer knows
how to boot it knows how to boot and you’re good. However, let’s pretend you
are installing brand new hardware which is relatively new and didn’t exist when
you’d got your motherboard. There could be a BIOS upgrade that will make it so
it can recognize it. When this motherboard first came out the CPU that
I had in it was the max CPU that this motherboard could take. They then later
came out with a BIOS upgrade, right, that would actually allow you to put even
better CPUs into this motherboard. Your BIOS has a clock on it and it keeps, a to
keep, the current time and date. This usually lasts about four to five years, but if
you have an older computer and you notice that every time you turn it on it
doesn’t remember the date. It’s going back to like 1990 or something like that.
Guess what? This little coin cell battery is dead. You can actually pop it
out and get a new one. You’ll set your clock, your system clock, once and it’ll
be good forever. Remember we talked about this the four basic components of our
system. We have input, output, processing, and storage. So for input and output we
have these PCI expansion slots, and let me just spin this around for you.
Okay these I could put in graphics cards. This is a little PCI Express mini slot.
In theory, I could plug in something like additional USB 3.0 ports.
Except of course slightly odd design I can’t do it cause he’s got a little
heinie and this heat sink gets in the way. However, I could plug this into
here. So this is compatible with all of these. This motherboard, as you’ll see,
does not have a graphics card built into it. These are all labeled so they tell
you what types they are. Because this motherboard would allow me to hold
multiple graphics cards I could actually connect them. NVIDIA offered something
called SLI and you would plug the graphics cards in and then there’s a
little bridging cable that you would plug on the top and now the graphics
cards work together to give you even better performance. For input an output,
looking at this one, and again with any computer if you’re looking to buy a new
computer or you’re looking to upgrade your motherboard, look at how many
expansion slots are on there, right. What can I hold? Also, what does it have that I
can connect through the back? So in example this one has firewire. It has one,
two, three, four, five, six USB ports. These are USB 2.0. Two USB 3.0 ports. Two network
card interface, two NIC interfaces, and then this is for my sound. So this, this
uhh, sound card on here supports surround sound, plus it has a microphone. So this
is the way I can get information into my system and out of my system. Also on my
motherboard you’ll see right here. These are connectors that connect to the front
of the computer. So I could have two USB 3.0 connectors on the front of my of my
system four USB 2.0 and even a firewire on the front of my computer.
That is my input and output for my system. For my processing, that’s the CPU.
For a CPU, understand that every motherboard is made for a specific CPU
chip, but the catch is that you can’t take an Intel CPU and put it into a
motherboard that was made for an AMD CPU. And you can’t take an AMD CPU and try to
put it into a motherboard that was made for an Intel CPU because there are
different sockets it won’t fit. Just because this motherboard is made for
Intel CPUs doesn’t mean I can just put any i3, i5, or i7 into it. Your
motherboard manual will tell you what type of CPU your system can take. Last
but not least, is our storage. Remember our storage there are two types. We have
primary and we have secondary. And on this motherboard, I got three different
connectors. These are all serial ATA or SATA. SATA. Red vs. black, six gigabit a second
throughput three gigabit per second throughput. And that would be my
secondary storage. Last but not least, is power. Your motherboard needs power to
run. We will do a separate video on power supplies, but just so you know,
here’s my connector for my power supply. I also have a connector over here. There
you have it. Okay, I hope you found this episode of Five Minutes with Franza
useful. If you have any questions about motherboards, please leave them in the
comments below. If you liked the video give me that thumbs up and don’t forget
to subscribe so you get the latest videos as soon as they come out. And,
thank you for watching Five Minutes with Franza. All right, you ready Oreo? Catch! Yaaaay!

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